1Inonu University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Malatya, Turkey
2Kars Kagizman Training and Research Hospital Clinic of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Kars, Turkey
3Malatya Education and Research Hospital, Department of Emergencey, Malatya, Turkey
4Malatya Education and Research Hospital, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Malatya, Turkey
Aim: We aimed to reveal the effects of reduced exposure to sunlight and insufficient nutrition due to urbanization and altered cultural life on Vitamin D levels in medical students.
Materials and Methods: A hundred (56 female, 44 male) first year medical students were included in our study. A vitamin D screening form, which included 16 questions, was used to obtain data regarding medical students’ genetic, nutrition and cultural life.
Results: Out of 100 medical students, 25 hydroxyl vit- D3 levels was below 5 ng/ml in 10%, 5-10 ng/ml in 10%, 10-20 ng/ml in 30%, 20-30 ng/ml in 40% and above 30 ng/ml in 10% medical students. While it has been found out that urbanization causes vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency in both females and males by negatively affecting sunlight exposure and nutrition, females have less sunlight exposure and their vitamin D levels are lesser when compared with males.
Conclusions: In conclusion, urbanization decreases exposure to sunlight and changes nutritional habits and forms a basis for vitamin D deficiency. So, this shows that lack of vitamin D, which is a major cause of bone fractures in older ages, is actually mainly seen in younger ages.
Keywords: Vitamin D; Sunlight; Nutrition; Cultural Life; Aging.