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Formerly Journal of Turgut Ozal Medical Center - ISSN 1300-1744

  • Annals of Medical Research



    Annals of Medical Research International Monthly Published Medical Journal

  • Annals of Medical Research

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  • Annals of Medical Research


    Annals of Medical Research indexed in TÜBİTAK/ULAKBİM Tıp Veri Tabanı

  • Annals of Medical Research


    Annals of Medical Research indexed in

  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research

Dear readers,

Our journal is the official publication of Inonu University Medical Faculty and published uninterruptedly for 25 years. It was first published as the name of Inonu University Medical Journal and later as Journal of Turgut Ozal Medical Center. During its publication period, the journal accepted Turkish or English articles for publication.

Abstracting in an international index is just a paramount objective in the 25th year of the journal. Because of this goal, it was necessary to make a decision both in terms of journal name and publication language. It was important in this respect that the name of a general medical journal should be related to medicine again and it should be in English. For these reasons, the name of the journal was switched to Annals of Medical Research and its publication language is changed to in English. The logo of the journal was chosen as an apricot, which is the symbol of our city Malatya, the world capital of apricot. I hope the journal succeeds with its new name. Annals of Medical Research is published monthly.

Editor-in-Chief

 

Prevalence and severity of pterygium in Somalian male population: Can Khat consumption have a synergistic effect with ultraviolet radiation? (p.159-62)

Prevalence and severity of pterygium in Somalian male population: Can Khat consumption have a synergistic effect with ultraviolet radiation? (p.159-62)

Mustafa Kalayci, Ersan Cetinkaya
Clinic of Ophthalmology, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey
Copyright@Author(s) - Available online at www.annalsmedres.org
Content of this journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the relationship between khat consumption, UV radiation and pterygium among male population in Somalia.
Materials and Methods: Between November 2019 and February 2020, 2,200 patients were examined. 146 patients who met the criteria among 335 patients with primary pterygium were included in the study. Ocular examinations were performed using slit-lamp biomicroscope. Patients were evaluated in terms of outdoor work, age, medical treatment history of pterygium, use of glasses or hats, family history, location of pterygium and eye with pterygium.
Results: In this study, 146 patients with pterygium were examined. The cases were divided into two groups as grade 3 (42 patients, 28.8%) and non-grade 3 (104, 71.2%). The mean age of the patients was 43.5 ± 9.7 years. When the demographic findings of grade 3 and non-grade 3 patients were compared, khat use (p0.001) and outdoor work (p=0.001) were significantly increased in the grade 3 group. The use of sunglasses and / or hats (p=0.004) and medical treatment history (p=0.042) were significantly increased in non-grade 3 groups.
Conclusion: Khat consumption may increase the likelihood of advanced grade pterygium. Khat and ultraviolet radiation may have synergistic effects on the pterygium grade.

Keywords: Pterygium; Khat; Catha Edulis; Somalia; Africa

 

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doi:10.5455/annalsmedres.2020.04.303

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Annals of Medical Research is the scientific official journal of the Inonu University Faculty of Medicine. It is published monthly. The essential aim of the Annals of Medical Research is to publish scientifically high quality clinical and experimental research articles on fields of medicine which can contribute to the literature data. In addition, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editors and manuscripts on publication ethics and medical history, which can contribute to the education and practices of physicians and health sector professionals within the scope of the journal’s target audience and which can increase the level of scientific communication between the authors and readers, are included in the scope of the journal.

 

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