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Formerly Journal of Turgut Ozal Medical Center - ISSN 1300-1744

  • Annals of Medical Research

    Annals of Medical Research International Monthly Published Medical Journal

  • Annals of Medical Research

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  • Annals of Medical Research

    Annals of Medical Research indexed in TÜBİTAK/ULAKBİM Tıp Veri Tabanı

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  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research

Dear readers,

Our journal is the official publication of Inonu University Medical Faculty and published uninterruptedly for 25 years. It was first published as the name of Inonu University Medical Journal and later as Journal of Turgut Ozal Medical Center. During its publication period, the journal accepted Turkish or English articles for publication.

Abstracting in an international index is just a paramount objective in the 25th year of the journal. Because of this goal, it was necessary to make a decision both in terms of journal name and publication language. It was important in this respect that the name of a general medical journal should be related to medicine again and it should be in English. For these reasons, the name of the journal was switched to Annals of Medical Research and its publication language is changed to in English. The logo of the journal was chosen as an apricot, which is the symbol of our city Malatya, the world capital of apricot. I hope the journal succeeds with its new name. Annals of Medical Research is published monthly.



Ocular characteristics of patients with cerebral palsy (p.3112-6)

Ocular characteristics of patients with cerebral palsy (p.3112-6)

Soner Guven1, Huseyin Avni Uludag2, Murat Kucukevcilioglu3, Fatih Mehmet Mutlu3
1Department of Ophthalmology, Kayseri City Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey
2Department of Ophthalmology, Dunyagoz Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
3Department of Ophthalmology, Gulhane Medical School, Ankara, Turkey
Copyright@Author(s) - Available online at www.annalsmedres.org
Content of this journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Aim: The purpose of this study is to report the ophthalmic characteristics and treatment results of our cerebral palsy (CP) patients.
Materials and Methods: We explored the charts of 62 CP patients who were followed by our tertiary referral pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus department between 1998-2018 retrospectively. Patient demographics, strabismus type, preoperative deviation, type of surgery, visual acuities (VA), fundus findings, first surgery time, additional surgeries and anomalies and follow-up time were recorded.
Results: Mean age and follow-up time were 34.1 and 42.6 months respectively. Most of the subjects (80.6%) had bilateral VA less than 20/200. The ratio of patients without fixation and follow was 11.2% in right eye and 14.5% in left eye. Fifty eight percent of patients had normal fundus findings. The most leading finding was bilateral optic disc pallor in abnormal fundus patients (33.8%). Fifty-six (90.1%) patients had strabismus (esotropia (ET) (50%), exotropia (XT) (35.5%), vertical deviation (4.8%). Mean horizontal deviation was 25.64±8.41 (8-40) prism diopter (PD) in ET and 25.4±9.39 (12-40) PD in XT. We performed strabismus surgery to 20.9% of patients. The most frequent surgery type was bilateral medial rectus recessions. Mean first surgery time was 35.6 months. Four (30.7%) patients who had previous strabismus surgery needed additional surgery. The most frequent additional surgery types were medial rectus advancement (50%) and inferior oblique myectomy (50%). Prematurity (19.3%), epilepsy (12.9%) and corpus callosum dysplasia and periventricular leukomalacia (12.9%) were the leading encountered additional anomalies.
Conclusions: CP patients are mostly accompanied with esotropia. The management of CP patients may be challenging due to need of additional surgeries.

Keywords: Cerebral palsy; esotropia; exotropia; strabismus; surgery



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Annals of Medical Research is the scientific official journal of the Inonu University Faculty of Medicine. It is published monthly. The essential aim of the Annals of Medical Research is to publish scientifically high quality clinical and experimental research articles on fields of medicine which can contribute to the literature data. In addition, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editors and manuscripts on publication ethics and medical history, which can contribute to the education and practices of physicians and health sector professionals within the scope of the journal’s target audience and which can increase the level of scientific communication between the authors and readers, are included in the scope of the journal.



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