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Formerly Journal of Turgut Ozal Medical Center - ISSN 1300-1744

  • Annals of Medical Research



    Annals of Medical Research International Monthly Published Medical Journal

  • Annals of Medical Research

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  • Annals of Medical Research


    Annals of Medical Research indexed in TÜBİTAK/ULAKBİM Tıp Veri Tabanı

  • Annals of Medical Research


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  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research

Dear readers,

Our journal is the official publication of Inonu University Medical Faculty and published uninterruptedly for 25 years. It was first published as the name of Inonu University Medical Journal and later as Journal of Turgut Ozal Medical Center. During its publication period, the journal accepted Turkish or English articles for publication.

Abstracting in an international index is just a paramount objective in the 25th year of the journal. Because of this goal, it was necessary to make a decision both in terms of journal name and publication language. It was important in this respect that the name of a general medical journal should be related to medicine again and it should be in English. For these reasons, the name of the journal was switched to Annals of Medical Research and its publication language is changed to in English. The logo of the journal was chosen as an apricot, which is the symbol of our city Malatya, the world capital of apricot. I hope the journal succeeds with its new name. Annals of Medical Research is published monthly.

Editor-in-Chief

 

Relationship between positive peritoneal fluid cytology and the type of the malignancy in patients with malignancy related ascites (p.3189-92)

Relationship between positive peritoneal fluid cytology and the type of the malignancy in patients with malignancy related ascites (p.3189-92)

Sevim Turanli1, Aysegul Oksuzoglu2
1Department of General Surgery, Ankara Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ankara City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
Copyright@Author(s) - Available online at www.annalsmedres.org
Content of this journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Abstract

Aim: Malignancy related ascites may be due to abdominal origin, extraabdominal origin and primary peritoneal malignancy. The relationship between positive peritoneal fluid cytology and the type of the malignancy and the burden of the tumor in the abdomen was investigated.
Materials and Methods: One-hundred eighty-nine consecutive patients with malignancy who were examined for ascites fluid cytology were retrospectively identified in the last two years. Age, gender, primary tumor site, radiologic imaging and pathology results of the patients were recorded. According to the abdominal imaging at the time of the paracentesis procedure, the extensiveness of disease in the abdomen was classified as only ascites, ascites with peritoneal carcinomatosis, ascites with liver involvement (primary tumor or metastases) and ascites with peritoneal carcinomatosis with liver involvement.
Results: Out of 189 patients, 119 patients (63.0%) were female. The primary tumor site was ovary in 49 patients, stomach in 38 patients, pancreatobiliary system in 37 patients, breast in 16 patients, colorectal in 14 patients, uterine in 13 patients, kidney or bladder in 6 patients, liver in 6 patients, lymphoma in 4 patients, malignant mesothelioma in 3 patients, lung in 2 patients and skin in one patient. Peritoneal fluid cytology revealed malignant cells in 102 patients (54.0%), while 87 patients (46.0%) had benign results. There was a relationship between primary tumor site and malignant cell detection in the fluid (p= 0.001). The detection of malignant cells was correlated with abdominal extensiveness of disease as well (p = 0.01). In multivariate analysis, only primary tumor site [(p = 0.001), risk ratio: 2.28, 95% confidence interval: 1.83-2.73] was the independent factor affecting cytologic positivity.
Conclusion: Considering primary tumor site and the extensiveness of disease in the abdomen, primary tumor site was the most important factor affecting peritoneal fluid positivity.

Keywords: Cytology; malignancy; peritoneal carcinomatosis; peritoneal fluid

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doi:10.5455/annalsmedres.2020.05.523

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Annals of Medical Research is the scientific official journal of the Inonu University Faculty of Medicine. It is published monthly. The essential aim of the Annals of Medical Research is to publish scientifically high quality clinical and experimental research articles on fields of medicine which can contribute to the literature data. In addition, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editors and manuscripts on publication ethics and medical history, which can contribute to the education and practices of physicians and health sector professionals within the scope of the journal’s target audience and which can increase the level of scientific communication between the authors and readers, are included in the scope of the journal.

 

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