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  • Annals of Medical Research



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  • Annals of Medical Research

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  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research

Dear Annals of Medical Research Readers

As of the end of March 2021, I have started to work as Chief Editor at Annals of Medical Research. Our journal is the official publication of Inonu University Medical Faculty and published uninterruptedly for 28 years.  Our Journal, which is online as an open access journal with monthly free access, is being scanned in many national and international indexes (ULAKBIM TR Dizin, Turkish Medline, EBSCO, Google Scholar, etc.). I would like to thank the Editors before me who contributed to this level. Our primary goal is to ensure the maintenance of this good state of the journal and to ensure that it is scanned in prestigious international indexes (Pubmed Central, SCI-Expended, etc.). In order to achieve these goals, it depends on the original research articles that can be cited and the articles published in our Journal to be cited sufficiently in other international journals. The contributions of our readers, reviewers and authors in achieving this goal are of great importance.

I hope to announce the news that we have reached our goals as soon as possible.

MD. Prof. Nevzat Erdil

Editor-in-Chief

Annals of Medical Research

 

Evaluation of utricular and saccular function in BPPV patients: The role of VEMP in diagnosis (p.2515-22)

Evaluation of utricular and saccular function in BPPV patients: The role of VEMP in diagnosis (p.2515-22)

Deniz Ugur Cengiz1, Tugba Emekci2, Sumeyye Demirel3, Sanem Can Colak1, Mehmet Tan4,
Tuba Bayindir4
1Department of Audiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey
2Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
3Department of Audiology, Institute of Health Science, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey
4Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey
Copyright © 2020 by authors and Annals of Medical Research Publishing Inc.

Abstract

Aim: The pathological cause of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is the degeneration of the otolith organs (utricle and sacculus). Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials (VEMP) assess the functions of the otolith organs. The objective of this research was to evaluate the otolith organ functions of patients with unilateral idiopathic BPPV (canalolithiasis of the posterior and lateral semicircular canals) by cVEMP and oVEMP tests.
Material and Methods: The study prospectively included 35 patients with BPPV (canalolithiasis of the posterior and lateral semicircular canals) and 30 healthy individuals. Bilateral cVEMP and oVEMP tests were administered to all participants. Participants were divided into three groups: control, BPPV-affected ear, and unaffected ear.
Results: In our study, cVEMP and oVEMP abnormalities were statistically significantly different both between the affected and unaffected ear groups and between the affected ear and control groups. There were statistically significant differences in the cVEMP and oVEMP amplitude values both between the affected and unaffected ear groups and between the affected ear and control groups. Also, the asymmetry ratios of the cVEMP and oVEMP tests were statistically significantly different between the case group and the control group. The cVEMP and oVEMP wave latencies (p1, n1, p1-n1) were not statistically significantly different among the BPPV-affected ear, unaffected ear, and control groups. The results of measurements were not statistically significantly different between the posterior and lateral canal involvement subgroups of BPPV patients.
Conclusion: Abnormal cVEMP and oVEMP test results, which are observed more frequently in patients with BPPV compared to the control group, indicate utricular and saccular degeneration. Higher oVEMP abnormality ratios compared to those of cVEMP in BPPV patients suggest that utricular dysfunction may be more common than saccular dysfunction.

Keywords: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo; cervical/ocular vestibuler evoked myogenic; vertigo

 

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doi: 10.5455/annalsmedres.2020.08.861     

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Annals of Medical Research is the scientific official journal of the Inonu University Faculty of Medicine. It is published monthly. The essential aim of the Annals of Medical Research is to publish scientifically high quality clinical and experimental research articles on fields of medicine which can contribute to the literature data. In addition, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editors and manuscripts on publication ethics and medical history, which can contribute to the education and practices of physicians and health sector professionals within the scope of the journal’s target audience and which can increase the level of scientific communication between the authors and readers, are included in the scope of the journal.

 

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