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Formerly Journal of Turgut Ozal Medical Center - ISSN 1300-1744

  • Annals of Medical Research



    Annals of Medical Research International Monthly Published Medical Journal

  • Annals of Medical Research

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  • Annals of Medical Research


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  • Annals of Medical Research


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  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research

Dear readers,

Our journal is the official publication of Inonu University Medical Faculty and published uninterruptedly for 25 years. It was first published as the name of Inonu University Medical Journal and later as Journal of Turgut Ozal Medical Center. During its publication period, the journal accepted Turkish or English articles for publication.

Abstracting in an international index is just a paramount objective in the 25th year of the journal. Because of this goal, it was necessary to make a decision both in terms of journal name and publication language. It was important in this respect that the name of a general medical journal should be related to medicine again and it should be in English. For these reasons, the name of the journal was switched to Annals of Medical Research and its publication language is changed to in English. The logo of the journal was chosen as an apricot, which is the symbol of our city Malatya, the world capital of apricot. I hope the journal succeeds with its new name. Annals of Medical Research is published monthly.

Editor-in-Chief

 

Effects of Pelargonium sidoides (UMCA ®) on pulmonary contusion from blunt thoracic trauma in rats (p.2319-25)

Effects of Pelargonium sidoides (UMCA ®) on pulmonary contusion from blunt thoracic trauma in rats (p.2319-25)

Gul Dogan1, Guvenc Dogan2, Onur Karaca3, Ercan Ayaz4
1Department of Pediatric Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Hitit University, Corum, Turkey
2Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Hitit University, Corum, Turkey
3Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Faculty of Medicine, Aksaray University, Aksaray,Turkey
4Department of Histology and Embrylogy, Faculty of Medicine, Hitit University, Corum, Turkey
Copyright © 2020 by authors and Annals of Medical Research Publishing Inc.

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of Pelargonium sidoides (UMCA ®) which was antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant, on pulmonary contusion (PC) caused by isolated blunt thoracic trauma (BTT) in an experimental rat model.
Material and Methods: A total of 24 rats were divided into three groups: control group (CG), sham group (SG), and Pelargonium sidoidesgroup (PSG). PC was induced by isolated BTT for all the groups except the control group. Pelargonium sidoidestreatment was performed by gavage for 72 hours to the PSG after truma. Blood and tissue samples were collected from the groups. Malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD),glutathione (GSH) and arterial blood gas parameters were measured. Lung tissue samples were collected for histopathology.
Results: Histopathologically, alveolar congestion, hemorrhage,edema,disruption and neutrophil infiltrationwere significantly higher in SG when compared with CG(p0.001, p=0.007, p=0.040, p=0.003, p=0.001). Leukocyte infiltration was significantly decreased in PSG when compared with SG (p=0.025). Biochemically, MDA level was significantly higher in SG than in CG (p0.001) and GSH level was significantly lower in SG than in CG (p0.001). MDA level was significantly lower in PSG than in SG (p=0.002). In blood gas parameters PH and PO2 level was significantly higher in PSG than in SG (p=0.013, p0.001) and PCO2 level was significantly lower in PSG than in SG (p0.001).
Conclusion: PS prevents further injury by decreasing leukocyte infiltration,MDAand regulating ventilation -perfusion in lung contusions. PS may have a role in the progression of inflammation but not in preventing the pathologic disruption of pulmonary parenchyma exactly.

Keywords: Pelargonium sidoides; pulmonary contusion; rat

 

 

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doi: 10.5455/annalsmedres.2020.07.757

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Annals of Medical Research is the scientific official journal of the Inonu University Faculty of Medicine. It is published monthly. The essential aim of the Annals of Medical Research is to publish scientifically high quality clinical and experimental research articles on fields of medicine which can contribute to the literature data. In addition, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editors and manuscripts on publication ethics and medical history, which can contribute to the education and practices of physicians and health sector professionals within the scope of the journal’s target audience and which can increase the level of scientific communication between the authors and readers, are included in the scope of the journal.

 

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