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Formerly Journal of Turgut Ozal Medical Center - ISSN 1300-1744

  • Annals of Medical Research



    Annals of Medical Research International Monthly Published Medical Journal

  • Annals of Medical Research

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  • Annals of Medical Research


    Annals of Medical Research indexed in TÜBİTAK/ULAKBİM Tıp Veri Tabanı

  • Annals of Medical Research


    Annals of Medical Research indexed in

  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research
  • Annals of Medical Research

Dear readers,

Our journal is the official publication of Inonu University Medical Faculty and published uninterruptedly for 25 years. It was first published as the name of Inonu University Medical Journal and later as Journal of Turgut Ozal Medical Center. During its publication period, the journal accepted Turkish or English articles for publication.

Abstracting in an international index is just a paramount objective in the 25th year of the journal. Because of this goal, it was necessary to make a decision both in terms of journal name and publication language. It was important in this respect that the name of a general medical journal should be related to medicine again and it should be in English. For these reasons, the name of the journal was switched to Annals of Medical Research and its publication language is changed to in English. The logo of the journal was chosen as an apricot, which is the symbol of our city Malatya, the world capital of apricot. I hope the journal succeeds with its new name. Annals of Medical Research is published monthly.

Editor-in-Chief

 

Examination of the frequency of patients with  pre-diagnosed allergic contact dermatitis attending dermatology outpatient clinics and evaluation of patch test results (p.2358-63)

Examination of the frequency of patients with pre-diagnosed allergic contact dermatitis attending dermatology outpatient clinics and evaluation of patch test results (p.2358-63)

Omer Kutlu1, Selami Aykut Temiz2
1Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine, Usak University, Usak, Turkey
2Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
Copyright © 2020 by authors and Annals of Medical Research Publishing Inc.

Abstract

Aim: In this study, it is aimed to investigate the frequency of attending dermatology outpatient clinics and patch test results in the light of demographic characteristics of patients who underwent patch tests with a preliminary diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in 2018-2019.
Material and Methods: The files of patients who had a patch test with a preliminary diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis were scanned retrospectively. Demographic characteristics such as age, gender, profession, number of attending to the dermatology outpatient clinic with the same complaint and the reactions determined as a result of the patch tests were examined.
Results: A total of 122 patients with 67 (54.9%) male and 55 (45.1%) females were included in this study. The median duration of lesions was 24 (minimum 1, maximum 360) months. Fifty-eight (47.5%) patients had been attending the Dermatology outpatient clinic at least three times with the same complaint. Patients who attended to the dermatology outpatient clinics at least 3 times and had at least one positive patch test were including cobalt positivity as 29.3%, potassium dichromate as 27.5%, nickel as 24.1%, colophony as 13.8% and thiuram mix as 10.3%. There were 81 (66.4%) patients with at least one positive patch test results, 52 (42.6%) with at least two positives, and 33 (27%) with three positives. The three items that were at least one positive were nickel sulfate (26.2%), cobalt (25.4%), potassium dichromate (20.5%), respectively. Three items with three positivity were nickel (13.9%), potassium dichromate (4.1%), and mercaptobenzothiazole (2.5%), respectively. No positivity was found for benzocaine, 2-Methoxy-6-n-pentyl-4-benzoquinone, and clioquinol.
Conclusion: In this study, the frequency of patients with ACD attending to the dermatology outpatient clinics at least 3 times was found approximately 50%. These results emphasize the importance of patch test awareness about the preventive medicine approach in our country. Also, the items causing ACD according to the degree of positivity were reported for the first time in this study. It was found that nickel and potassium dichromate, which are used relatively common in industries, are the most common strong allergens.

Keywords: Allergic contact dermatitis; allergens; patch test 

 

 

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doi:  10.5455/annalsmedres.2020.07.728   

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Annals of Medical Research is the scientific official journal of the Inonu University Faculty of Medicine. It is published monthly. The essential aim of the Annals of Medical Research is to publish scientifically high quality clinical and experimental research articles on fields of medicine which can contribute to the literature data. In addition, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editors and manuscripts on publication ethics and medical history, which can contribute to the education and practices of physicians and health sector professionals within the scope of the journal’s target audience and which can increase the level of scientific communication between the authors and readers, are included in the scope of the journal.

 

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