Aliye Tugce Gurcan1, Mine Koruyucu2, Figen Seymen2, Sila Yardimci2
1Altinbas University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Istanbul, Turkey
2Istanbul University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Istanbul, Turkey
Copyright © 2020 by authors and Annals of Medical Research Publishing Inc
Ectodermal dysplasia (ED) is a hereditary disease characterized by anomalies in the structures of ectodermal origin. This report aims to determine the oral features of patients with ED syndrome and to present treatment approaches. Because of nutrition, speech and aesthetical problems due to the lack of teeth 22 patients with ED syndrome referred to faculty dentistry clinic. Facial physiognomy was typical for ED and the facial height was decreased due to the vertical dimension and the delalet exfoliation of primary teeth. Also anodontia, hypodontia, delayed eruption, diffuse enamel hypoplasia, conical tooth structure, talon cusps, microdontia, and, transposition in teeth were seen in patients. In most cases, prosthesis were applied to improve the facial aesthetics, speech and oral function due to the common hypodontia. The primary goals of the dental treatment of patients with ED are enhancing aesthetics and improving masticatory function. The oral rehabilitation of the patients’ needs multidisciplinary dental treatment.
Keywords: Ectodermal dysplasia; tooth loss; pediatric dentistry; dental prosthesis