Different machine learning methods based prediction of mild cognitive impairment

Authors

  • Adem Doganer
  • Selma Yaman
  • Nadire Eser
  • Tugba Ozcan Metin

Keywords:

Machine learning, support vector machine, random forest, boosted tree, cognitive impairment

Abstract

Aim: In this study benefits from different machine learning methods to analyze factors which affect young person’s scores of cognitive assessment. Material and Methods: This study was performed among 144 persons aged between 18 and 24 who study at Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University. Boosted Tree Regression (BTR), Random Forest Regression (RFR) and Support Vector Machine (SVM), which are among machine learning methods, were used in order to determine the factors affecting the score of cognitive assessment. K-10 fold cross validation method was also used. Mean Squared Error (MSE), Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE), Mean Absolute Error (MAE) and Correlation coefficients (R) metrics were used in order to measure prediction performances of machine learning methods.Results: MSE values were calculated as 9.66 for BTR, 9.78 for RFR, and 6.43 for SVM. MAE values were calculated as 2.06 for BTR, 2.05 for RFR, and 1.97 for SVM. RMSE values were calculated as 3.10 for BTR, 3.12 for RFR, and 2.53 for SVM. Finally, correlation coefficients were calculated as 0.289 for BTR, 0.371 for RFR and 0.546 for SVM. In addition, it was also found out that the most important variables which affected the scores of cognitive assessment were anti-depressant use, depression and obsession.Conclusion: It was demonstrated in this study that SVM displayed the lowest error rates and highest prediction performance in terms of determining the score of cognitive assessment. Therefore, SVM can be stated that it is the most suitable method for the prediction of cognitive impairment.

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Published

2021-05-25

How to Cite

Doganer, A., Yaman, S., Eser, N., & Ozcan Metin, T. (2021). Different machine learning methods based prediction of mild cognitive impairment . Annals of Medical Research, 27(3), 0833–0839. Retrieved from https://annalsmedres.org/index.php/aomr/article/view/666

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Section

Original Articles