Inflammation and anemia in simple febrile seizures and complex febrile seizures

Authors

  • Ipek Polat Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
  • Pakize Karaoglu Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
  • Muge Ayanoglu Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
  • Ceren Cirali Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
  • Erhan Bayram Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
  • Uluc Yis Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
  • Semra Hız Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey

Keywords:

Anemia, inflammation, febrile seizure

Abstract

Aim: This is a unique study that aimed to determine anemia and inflammatory status in simple febrile seizure vs complex febrile
seizure patients. Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and platelet/lymphocyte ratio are positively correlated with inflammatory markers
including TNF alpha and IL-6. They are practical, inexpensive, and valuable tools for evaluating inflammation.
Materials and Methods: Patients presenting with first febrile seizures were enrolled retrospectively. We investigated hemoglobin,
hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration and red blood cell distribution width values
and white blood cell count, neutrophil, lymphocyte count, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, platelet/lymphocyte ratio, and mean platelet
volume, C - reactive protein.
Results: Our study showed that higher neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, platelet/lymphocyte ratio, and lower mean platelet volume
values in complex febrile seizure cases than simple febrile seizure cases. We determined cut-off values for neutrophil/lymphocyte
ratio, platelet/lymphocyte ratio, and mean platelet volume of 2.5, 10523.3, and 7.3 respectively.
Conclusion: High neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, platelet/lymphocyte ratio, and low mean platelet volume values can help distinguish
simple febrile seizure and complex febrile seizure patients and predict the clinic. The optimal cut-off values that we determined may
guide clinicians.

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Published

2021-10-20

How to Cite

Polat, I., Karaoglu, P., Ayanoglu, M., Cirali, C., Bayram, E., Yis, U., & Hız, S. (2021). Inflammation and anemia in simple febrile seizures and complex febrile seizures. Annals of Medical Research, 28(10), 1835–1839. Retrieved from https://annalsmedres.org/index.php/aomr/article/view/3936

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