Epidemiological characteristics of patients with Covid-19 suspicion applying to a university hospital: The first eighty days in a pandemic

Authors

  • Yasemin Durduran Department of Public Health, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Bahar Kandemir Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Lutfi Saltuk Demir Department of Public Health, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Mehmet Ozdemir Department of Medical Microbiology, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Ibrahim Erayman Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Mehmet Uyar Department of Public Health, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Esma Kepenek Kurt Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Sedat Kocak Department of Emergency Medicine, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Hulya Vatansev Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Alper Yosunkaya Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Adil Zamani Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Cengiz Kadiyoran Department of Radiology, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Bahadir Feyzioglu Department of Medical Microbiology, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Necdet Poyraz Department of Radiology, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Kadir Kucukceran Department of Emergency Medicine, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Funda Gok Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Reyhan Evci Department of Public Health, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Ozge Metin Akcan Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Mevlut Hakan Goktepe Department of Internal Medicine, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Yasemin Derya Gulseren Department of Medical Microbiology, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Pinar Didem Yilmaz Department of Radiology, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Fatma Goksin Cihan Department of Family Medicine, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Celalettin Korkmaz Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Mustafa Kursat Ayranci Department of Emergency Medicine, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Soner Demirbas Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Sevgi Pekcan Department of Pediatric Pulmonary Diseases, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Sebnem Yosunkaya Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Turgut Teke Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Mehmet Bicer Department of Covid Outpatient Service, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
  • Tevfik Kucukkartallar Hospital Chief Physician, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey

Keywords:

Covid-19, epidemiological characteristics, pandemic process, university hospital

Abstract

Aim: The first COVID-19 case in Turkey was detected on March 11, 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic process. Epidemiological
studies are needed to be prepared for other outbreaks and to be effective in the disease management process. Based on this reason,
in this study it was aimed to determine the epidemiological characteristics of Covid 19 possible and definite cases who applied to
the university hospital during the pandemic process.
Materials and Methods: This retrospective epidemiological study was carried out by analyzing the data of Covid 19 possible and
definite cases, who applied to the university hospital operating as a pandemic hospital between 11 March / 01 June 2020. The data
were summarized with descriptive statistics, tables and graphs.
Results: Of the 1,383 patients, who applied with the suspicion of COVID-19, 55.5% were men and 84.5% were adults. The median
age of children is 4.0 (1.5-10) years old; adults were 52.0 (36.0-67.0) years old. The median time between the outset of complaints
and the date of admission to the hospital was 2 (1-3) days. 87.4% of adults and 87.9% of children had symptoms that supported
COVID-19 infection. Among cases 7.8% were health care workers. The median age of the fatal cases was 71 (64-82) years old, 79.5%
were male, 77.7% were retired. The most common comorbide diseases in these cases were hypertension (28.2%) and malignancy
(28.2%). The case fatality rate was found as 2.8% in all patients and 48.4% in patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit.
Conclusions: As a result, Covid-19 affects all age groups. Hypertension and malignancy were the most common additional diseases
in fatal cases. The risk of illness is higher in healthcare workers who have direct contact with the patients. According to our
observations, preventive measures, rapid diagnosis and supportive treatment are valuable.

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Published

2021-06-28

How to Cite

Durduran, Y., Kandemir, B., Demir, L. S., Ozdemir, M., Erayman, I., Uyar, M., Kurt, E. K., Kocak, S., Vatansev, H., Yosunkaya, A., Zamani, A., Kadiyoran, C., Feyzioglu, B., Poyraz, N., Kucukceran, K., Gok, F., Evci, R., Akcan, O. M., Goktepe, M. H., Gulseren, Y. D., Yilmaz, P. D., Cihan, F. G., Korkmaz, C., Ayranci, M. K., Demirbas, S., Pekcan, S., Yosunkaya, S., Teke, T., Bicer, M., & Kucukkartallar, T. (2021). Epidemiological characteristics of patients with Covid-19 suspicion applying to a university hospital: The first eighty days in a pandemic. Annals of Medical Research, 28(6), 1228–1234. Retrieved from https://annalsmedres.org/index.php/aomr/article/view/3814

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Original Articles