• E-ISSN 2636-7688

Formerly Journal of Turgut Ozal Medical Center

Comparison of laser and piezo incisions to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement - A pilot rat model study (p.602-7)

Comparison of laser and piezo incisions to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement - A pilot rat model study (p.602-7)

Hilal Yilanci1, Burcak Kara2, Sabri Ilhan Ramoglu3
1Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey
2Private practice, Istanbul, Turkey
3Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Altinbas University, Istanbul, Turkey
Copyright@Author(s) - Available online at www.annalsmedres.org
Content of this journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine changes in bone structure after laser and piezo incisions evaluated with micro-computed tomography (micro-CT).
Materials and Methods: Forty-eight adult male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: no additional intervention to accelerate tooth movement (n=15), laser incision (n=15), piezocision (n=15), and control (n=3). These groups were divided into subgroups based on duration of applied force: 0, 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days. Piezo and laser incisions were made vertically on the mesial palatal side of the left maxillary molar without flap elevation. Tooth movement, bone volume, and bone mineral density were evaluated with micro-CT. P values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant.
Results: There were no significant differences in bone mineral density, bone volume, or amount of tooth movement between time points in any of the groups. The amount of tooth movement was significantly different between the groups at day 21.
Conclusion: These findings provide some initial basic understanding of changes in the bone following tooth movement alone and with piezocision and laser incisions. Larger sample sizes are needed to better elucidate their effects.

Keywords: Er-YAG lasers; orthodontic tooth movement; piezosurgery; X-Ray microtomography

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doi: 10.5455/annalsmedres.2020.03.200 

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Annals of Medical Research is the scientific official journal of the Inonu University Faculty of Medicine. It is published monthly. The essential aim of the Annals of Medical Research is to publish scientifically high quality clinical and experimental research articles on fields of medicine which can contribute to the literature data. In addition, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editors and manuscripts on publication ethics and medical history, which can contribute to the education and practices of physicians and health sector professionals within the scope of the journal’s target audience and which can increase the level of scientific communication between the authors and readers, are included in the scope of the journal.

 

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