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Formerly Journal of Turgut Ozal Medical Center - ISSN 1300-1744

Evaluation of socio-demographic characteristics of people was determined to use synthetic cannabinoids in Malatya and its surrounding cities / districts and LC-MS/MS analysis method (p.3267-71)

Evaluation of socio-demographic characteristics of people was determined to use synthetic cannabinoids in Malatya and its surrounding cities / districts and LC-MS/MS analysis method (p.3267-71)

Mucahit Oruc1, Semih Petekkaya2, Ozcan Soylu3, Bedirhan Sezer Oner4, Osman Celbis1, Ahmet Hakan Dinc5
1Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey
2Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Bolu, Turkey
3Department of Chemistry, Forensic Medicine Institute, Malatya Group Presidency, Malatya, Turkey
4Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Amasya University, Amasya, Turkey
5Hospital of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, Ankara, Turkey
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Abstract

Aim: Synthetic cannabinoids (SC) were initially developed in 1960s to target the cannabinoid receptors in medical therapy. However, in recent years, the developed SC derivatives by processing the plant-based material have been sold on websites under the name of natural drugs.
The city of Malatya is located at the eastern part of Turkey and has an important location for the transfer and marketing of narcotic substances. In our study, presentation of the socio-demographic characteristics of the cases, the SC was determined in whose blood samples in the analyses, living in Malatya and the surrounding cities-districts were aimed.
Materials and Methods: In the scope of study, 275 cases whose blood samples was sent to the Chemistry Department in Forensic Medicine Institute at Malatya Group Presidency in 2016 and were detected as SC-positive by the chemical analysis were investigated.
Results: Out of 275 cases, 97.8% were male, 2.2% were female. Median age was 24, 66.5% (n=180) of them were primary school, 18% (n=51) were high school graduate and 0.7% (n=2) were university graduate. The educational status of 27 cases could not be obtained.
Conclusion: SC derivatives are marketed with slogan of “the natural ones are harmless”, and their use among the young people is rapidly becoming widespread. In our study, it was determined that the SC users are in the young age group and have low educational status. In order to decrease the number of users, awareness meetings regarding the harmful effects of SC must be organized in the educational institutions.

Keywords: LC-MS/MS; MAM-2201; natural drugs; socio-demographic characteristics; synthetic cannabinoids; THC

 

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doi: 10.5455/annalsmedres.2020.04.324     

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Annals of Medical Research is the scientific official journal of the Inonu University Faculty of Medicine. It is published monthly. The essential aim of the Annals of Medical Research is to publish scientifically high quality clinical and experimental research articles on fields of medicine which can contribute to the literature data. In addition, review articles, case reports, editorials, letters to the editors and manuscripts on publication ethics and medical history, which can contribute to the education and practices of physicians and health sector professionals within the scope of the journal’s target audience and which can increase the level of scientific communication between the authors and readers, are included in the scope of the journal.

 

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