Leukonychia is the most common nail change in Alopecia areata patients: A retrospective study in 207 patients
Habibullah Aktas1, Mehmet Unal2
1Karabuk University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Karabuk, Turkey
2Selcuk University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Dermatology, Konya Turkey
Aim: Alopecia areata is an auto-immune skin disease characterized by non-scarring hair loss. Nail changes are strongly associated with prognosis. In patients with Alopecia areata, the nail examination should not be neglected for an optimal follow-up.
Material and Methods: A retrospective study involving 207 patients with Alopecia areata was undertaken in a tertiary hospital between April 2016 and May 2017. Patients whose nail changes were registered in the database were included in the study. Gender, age, disease severity, sites affected, and nail changes of those patients were noted.
Results: 114 patients (55%) had nail involvement. The most common nail finding was leukonychia (n = 84). Nail pitting was detected in 29 patients.11 patients had both leukonychia and nail pitting. The mean age of the patients with leukonychia was 23.3, while the mean age of nail pitting patients was 31.7 and the mean age of the patients without nail change was 34.1.
Conclusion: Leukonychia is the most common nail change in this study, as a different finding from all previous studies.
Keywords: Alopecie Areata; Nail Changes; Leukonychia.