Diagnostic utility of tru-cut biopsy in the assesment of breast lesions
Yasemin Altintas1, Mehmet Bayrak2
1Adana Private Ortadogu Hospital Clinic of Radiology, Adana, Turkey
2Adana Private Ortadogu Hospital, Clinic of General Surgery, Adana, Turkey
Aim: This report aims to assess the diagnostic utility of Tru-Cut biopsy in the diagnosis of breast mass in patients admitted to our breast unit in our clinic.
Material and Methods: Between March 2013 and June 2018, In Ortadogu Private Hospital, Adana, 13.660 participants visited the breast unit and 472 participants of them aged 22-91 years experienced Tru-Cut biopsy(TCB) because of clinical doubt and/ or BI-RADS ( Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System ) III– V categorization. TCB specimens were compared with the histopathological reports of follow-up procedures including surgical procedures. When the pathology document was not compatible with clinical / image uncertainties, a biopsy was performed as a diagnostic method to exclude carcinoma.
Results: The histopathological diagnosis of the TCB specimens showed that 237 cases (50.2%) were benign lesions, 219 (46.4%) were malignant lesions and 16 (3.4%) of them were disconcordance. Of the patients who underwent Tru-Cut biopsy, 256 (54.2%) had palpable and 216(45.8%) had nonpalpable lesions. Pathological results were not compatible with clinical / imaging suspicion in 3.4% of cases. TCB exhibited a sensitivity of 95.4%, 100% specificity, PPV of 100%, NPV of 96.1%, and diagnostic accuracy of 97.8%. There were no cases with false positivity.
Conclussion: This study shows that Tru-Cut biopsy can safely be applied as a component of triple evaluation of suspected breast lesions. Multidisciplinary teamwork is crucial to implement the Tru-Cut biopsy, which replaces the present surgical approach to treat breast lesion and prevent from diagnostic inaccuracies.
Keywords: Tru-Cut Biopsy; Breast Carcinoma; Disconcordance.