Evaluation of bone resorption after implant surgery: Analysis of short-term follow-up
Aydin Keskinruzgar1, Ayse Ozcan Kucuk2
1Adiyaman University Faculty of Dentistry Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Adiyaman,Turkey
2Mersin University Faculty of Dentistry Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Mersin,Turkey
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the amounts of marginal bone resorption around the implant that occurs after the implant surgery before the prosthetic loading by evaluating the patients who received implants in oral and maxillofacial surgery clinic.
Material and Methods: Two hundred and fifty-three implant surgeries that were performed in the period from 2016 to 2017 were included in this study. The panoramic X-rays taken immediately after implantation and before prosthetic loading at 3 months were evaluated. The marginal bone resorptions around the implants were measured and these values were compared with respect to the gender of the patient and the size of the jaw areas.
Results: Implant surgeries were performed on a total of 91 patients (50 females and 41 males). The mean age of the patients was 46.03 ± 12.13 years. One hundred and forty-four implants were evaluated in male patients, while 109 implants were evaluated in females. Marginal bone resorption around the implants in males was observed to be statistically significantly higher than in females (p=0.00). There was no statistically significant difference (p=0.76) between the resorption values of mandible and maxilla. Resorption values in the molar region in the jaws were significantly higher than the amount of resorption in the anterior region (p=0.17).
Conclusion: In this study, the marginal bone resorption around the implant was assessed between the implant surgery and the prosthetic loading, where it was found to be 0.24 mm in mandible and maxilla. In addition, both jaws were observed to have the lowest resorption amount in the anterior region and the highest resorption amount in the molar region.
Keywords: Bone Resorption; Dental Implant; Bone Level Implant.