Predisposing factors and demographic analysis in inguinal hernia
Murat Kanlioz1, Ugur Ekici2
1Lokman Hekim University Faculty of Medicine Department of General Surgery, Ankara, Turkey
2Istanbul Gelisim University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Health Administration, Istanbul, Turkey
Aim: This study aims to identify the distribution of inguinal hernia by types, age and gender, and to find the correlation between inguinal hernia and chronic diseases, lifestyle and familial tendency.
Material and Methods: Of the patients admitted to our clinic, the following were recorded: age, gender, height, weight, body mass index (kg/m²), whether they do heavy labour or sports, chronic disease, direction of hernia, whether there is incarceration and strangulation and immediate family history of inguinal hernia. The data were analysed using the SPSS statistics software. p<0.05 was considered significant.
Results: The study included 116 patients, of whom 12 (10.34%) were female and 104 (89.66%) were male. The mean age was 52.89 years, and the median age was 53.5 years. When the whole study group was evaluated, it was found that 5 (4.31%) of the patients had incarceration where 31 (26.72%) had family history, 36 (31.03%) had a history of chronic disease and 85 (73.27%) had a history of heavy labour/sports.
Conclusion: Whereas the rate of hernia history in the families of patients with inguinal hernia was 28.8% in males and 8.3% in females, the difference in-between was statistically significant (p<0.001). Of the patients with inguinal hernia, the chronic disease rate was 31.7% in males and 25% in females, and the difference in-between was statistically significant (p<0.01). Of the patients with inguinal hernia, the rate of doing heavy labour/sports was 78.6% in males and 41.6% in females, and the difference in-between was statistically significant (p<0.01).